Ballistic missiles are relevant to the Iran and DPRK nonproliferation regimes because they serve as an important means of delivery of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons.
No international convention exists to control the spread of ballistic missiles, the most dangerous delivery system for WMD.
However, two important support mechanisms exist with the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC) to which 137 States have subscribed, and the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) with 34 signatory states.
For the implementation of sanctions and trade controls, the following list provides binding definitions:
- List of Ballistic Missile Technology Control List, issued by the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).