Embargo against conventional arms
The embargoes on conventional arms apply both to imports and exports to the DPRK, excluding however small arms and light weapons, as long as the sending country notifies the sanctions committees.
Because the term “arms” spans many military and non-military products and because definitions used by major arms producing countries differ for the implementation of UN sanctions, it is best to consider the following UN or multilateral instruments:
- The UN Register of Conventional Arms
- The International Tracing Instrument (for Small and Light Weapons)
These two instruments serve also as a basis for multilateral disarmament and arms control agreements. For some purposes it might also be useful to be aware of other major lists, most notably the EU Common Military List or the US Munitions List.
The Wassenaar dual-use goods and technologies and munitions list serves as an additional tool to identify any goods that may have civilian and military application. The Wassenaar Arrangement is an organization established in 1996 with a Secretariat in Vienna that currently comprises forty-one member states, including four of the P5 states (France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States). The lists for conventional material and dual-use goods are frequently updated and available to the public. Over the years, the Plenary of the Wassenaar Arrangement has also adopted a number of guidelines and procedures. They are intended to support regulatory authorities and corporate compliance officers in more effectively incorporating controls over goods that may be prohibited by national export control laws, or UN and other sanctions.
Advance approval from the Security Council is required on a case-by-case basis for the import to Iran of any battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, large calibre artillery systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, warships, missiles or missile systems, including related training, financial resources, and maintenance. Similarly, the sale or transfer of Iranian arms and related material requires Security Council approval on a case-by-case basis. These restrictions apply for five years after the JCPOA Adoption Day (18 October 2015) or until the date on which the IAEA submits a report confirming the Broader Conclusion, whichever is earlier.