Iran regime under resolution 2231 (2015)
(formerly sanctions resolution 1737 (2006)
In breaking with previous practices in unwinding existing sanctions implementation obligations, resolution 2231 (2015) is not called a sanctions regime, and is not implemented under the guidance of a Sanctions Committee. The Security Council, with the assistance of a state member of the Council acting as facilitator (on an annual basis), a Joint Commission, and the Secretariat, assumes a direct role to ensure that all states comply with specific restrictions that still apply according to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Actions (JCPOA), which is in Annex A of resolution 2231 (2015).
The practical implementation of resolution 2231 is outlined in the Note of the President of the Security Council (S/2016/44)
The 2231 Implementation Mechanism
The Security Council: Retains primary responsibility over the implementation of resolution 2231
Facilitator for 2016: Román Oyarzun Marchesi,
Permanent Representative of Spain
As Facilitator, a Member State of the Security Council is selected to perform on an annual basis the day-to-day execution of decisions and monitoring task. The Facilitator will brief the other members of the Security Council every six months, concurrently with the Secretary General’s reports.
Technical monitoring: IAEA is requested by the Security Council to undertake the necessary verification and monitoring of Iran’s nuclear-related commitments under the JCPOA for the full duration of the agreement.
Joint Commission: Representatives of Iran and the P5+1 or E3/EU+3 that includes China, France, Germany, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States, are the members. They will oversee the conversion of Iran’s nuclear weapons industry for peaceful, civilian use. The Commission may establish working groups but all procedures are confidential and decisions must be made by consensus.
Procurement Working Group: Established by the Joint Commission for reviewing and making recommendations on proposals by Member States who wish to assist Iran’s dismantling of it nuclear weapons infrastructure and the conversion into a civilian nuclear industry.
Joint Commission Coordinator: The High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
The UN Secretariat: The Secretary General and the Security Council Affairs Division through a focal point will assist the Security Council and the Facilitator in all their responsibilities, as well as with their interactions with the Joint Commission, or with Member States seeking to engage in nuclear-related activities or transfers.