JCPOA – Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

The JCOPA is the negotiated outcome through which over a ten-year period Iran’s nuclear weapons infrastructure will be converted for peaceful purposes. The mediation took place between Iran and the permanent five members of the UN Security Council plus Germany, typically referred to as the P5+1, or as the E3+3, because of the important role the European Union and its High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy has assumed.

Implementing the JCPOA

On 14 July 2015, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2231 (2015) to formally endorse the outcome of the P5 + 1 and Iran negotiations, now known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). All non-proliferation sanctions on Iran will be terminated upon compliance with certain benchmark obligations. The actual full dismantling of the UN and other regimes is scheduled to take place over a ten-year period, while conversions, safeguards, monitoring and transparency obligations will extend further into the future.

JCPOA Schedule

Finalisation Day

Occurred after 14 July 2015 when the JCPOA was signed by the E3/EU+3 and Iran and on 20 July was endorsed by the Security Council with 2231 resolution (2015).

Adoption Day

Occurred on 18 October 2015 with the ratification of the JCPOA by all relevant parliaments and government entities.

Implementation Day

Occurred on 16 January 2016 when the IAEA confirmed that Iran has complied with paragraphs 15.1-15.11 of annex V of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

Transition Day

8 years after the Adoption Day or earlier, upon IAEA issuing to the Security Council the Broader Conclusion that all nuclear material in Iran remains under peaceful activities.

UNSCR Termination Day

10 years after the Adoption Day, or earlier, upon which the Security Council will declare that is is no longer seized by the Iran non-proliferation issue.