Resources and Updates

This page will be updated periodically with new resources and documents to the extent that they may reflect important changes to the international response to proliferation threats. From time to time, supplemental papers or summaries of studies will be made available here as well.

Description UN resolutions

United Nations sanctions resolutions

South Africa sanctions resolution targeting WMD in paragraph 4 Resolution   418 (1977)
Iraq sanctions resolution targeting WMD in paragraphs 8 a) and b) and 12 Resolution 687(1991)
Iraq sanctions resolution targeting WMD Resolution 1051 (1996)
DPRK sanctions resolution Resolution 1718 (2006)
Iran sanctions resolution Resolution 1737 (2006)
Iran sanctions resolution: two-way arms embargo Resolution 1747 (2007)
Iran sanctions resolution designations Resolution 1803 (2008)
DPRK sanctions resolution expanding two-way arms embargo and financial services and establishes panel of experts Resolution 1874 (2009)
Iran sanctions resolution expanding all measures and establishingpanel of e Resolution 1929 (2010)
DPRK sanctions resolution strengthening definition of Catch-All Provision Resolution 2087 (2013)
DPRK sanctions regime strengthening targeted financial sanctions and other measures Resolution 2094 (2013)
Iran resolution endorsing the JCPOA Resolution 2231 (2015)

Multilateral conventions

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty NPT
Agreements supporting implementation of the NPT IAEA Safeguards Agreement
Establishing binding restrictions against biological weapons Biological Weapons Convention (BWC)
Establishing binding restrictions against chemical weapons Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)
Treaty on trade with arms and light weapons Arms Trade Treaty

Multilateral lists of restricted items

Restricted items, goods and technologies related to nuclear weapons technologies Nuclear Material, Equipment and Technology  INFCIRC/254/Rev.12/Part 1
Restricted nuclear dual use items, goods and technologies Nuclear-related Dual-use Equipment, Materials, Software and Related Technology
Restricted ballistic missile technologies Ballistic missile technology control list
Restricted chemical and biological components and weapons technologies Chemical and Biological Items, Materials, Equipment, Goods, and Technologies Related to Other Weapons of Mass Destruction Programs
Definitions for dual Use items that pertain to conventional arms Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.

Disarmament agreements

Nuclear agreement between P5+1 (E3/E3+3) and Iran Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)


Guidelines for the implementation of targeted financial sanctions Handbook to the Interlaken Process
Financial Action Task Force guideline specific to financial aspects of UN proliferation sanctions 2013 FATF Guidance Proliferation Financing
World Customs Organization’s initiative to strengthen global container shipping and related border controls SAFE Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade
World Customs Organization’s initiative to contextualize strategic trade controls with counter-proliferation efforts Strategic Trade Control Enforcement Implementation Guide (STCE)

Other documents and instruments

UN resolution creating the predecessor organization of IAEA and formulating disarmament policies General Assembly Resolution 1 (1946)
EU restrictive measures against Iran’s proliferation program Council Regulation (EU) No 267/2012
US sanctions against Iran’s proliferation program Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (TRA)